GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY
into operation on August 1st 1936
General instructions to be observed in
connection with Auto-Car Services
Passengers alighting from
and entering car. Fastening Doors and Gates.
Passengers not to ride on
Car Platforms, etc.
Cars with Centre
Signal to start to be given on Bell.
1. Guards must use every care in
getting passengers into and out of the cars quickly and safely. Special care
and consideration must be shewn to children and the elderly or infirm
passengers. Where it is necessary for passengers to enter cars at halts
provided with raised platforms by the door at the engine end, the Fireman will
assist by opening and closing the door. It will be arranged for passengers to
enter and leave the cars by separate doors where traffic is heavy and
circumstances admit of this being done. Where necessary the Fireman of the
leading car must attend to the door at the Engine end. Passengers must not be
allowed to travel on the platforms at the ends of the cars, or in the centre
If necessary, passengers may be permitted to leave the Cars
through the door leading to the drivers compartment, provided that it is
not opened until the car has come to a standstill at the platform.
the case of cars with centre vestibules, the door leading to the drivers
compartment must be kept locked, except at starting stations when it is found
necessary to load the cars quickly.
Doors giving access to the luggage
compartment must be kept normally locked.
Guards must in all cases give
the signal to the Driver to start by means of the electric bell communication
provided for the purpose, and not by hand signal. In the case of failure of the
bell communication, the Guard must use a green flag by day and green light by
night, and must report to his Station Master that the bell communication has
failed, the Station Master to immediately notify the Telegraph
In the event of bell communication between Guard and Driver not
being available from any cause the Guard must ride in the vestibule portion of
the Auto-Car where the Drivers application valve is fixed, in order to
apply the brake in case of emergency. Before giving the Driver a signal to
start the Guard must examine the brake application valve and satisfy himself
that the cotter pins can easily be removed in case of necessity.
Guard must also see that the cotter pins are in proper position before he
vacates the vestibule end.
2. When an ordinary coach is attached
to a car, passengers without tickets joining at halts must not be allowed to
travel in the coach, provided there is room for such passengers to ride in the
car, the object being to enable the Guard to issue tickets en route.
Where Guards are to ride.
3. On Services worked by cars with
centre vestibules, Guards must ride in the centre vestibule. Guards on
Auto-Cars must not IN ANY CASE, ride in the same compartment as the Driver,
and, unless other accommodation is provided, they must ride in the passenger
compartment of the car.
Cars run light.
4. When cars are not being run as
passenger trains, it will not be necessary to provide a Guard, but they will be
treated as light engines. Except where there are instructions to the contrary,
when a trailer or other vehicle is attached, it will be necessary to provide a
Guard or other man to act as Guard, who must ride in the rear vehicle. It will
not, however, be necessary to provide a Guard for an auto-engine and one
trailer without passengers.
Examination of tickets by
5. Passengers without tickets joining
the car at halts will be booked by the Guard after entering the car. Each
ticket issued by the Guard must, before being handed to the passenger, be
punched by a special punch opposite the name of the station (on the Up or Down
side of the ticket, as the case may be) to which it is available. Special care
must be exercised to punch the tickets correctly so that they may not be made
use of beyond the proper station or halt. Ordinary card tickets (where in use)
must be dated by the Guard before being handed to the passenger.
for stations must be collected from passengers by the ticket collecting staff
at stations in the usual way (unless otherwise specified), but tickets issued
for halts where there is no staff must be collected by each Guard when
passengers leave the car.
Tickets collected by Guards must be cancelled
and placed in a box provided on the car. Unless instructions are given to the
contrary, this box must be cleared after each journey by men appointed for the
6. Stock tickets for the use of Guards
and men in charge of halts will be ordered and kept by Station Masters as
required. Application must be made to the Station Master for a fresh supply in
good time. Car tickets must be kept apart and recorded separately in the
station stock ticket register. The Guard and men in charge of halts must keep a
record of all tickets supplied to them. They must be careful to see that they
have a sufficient number of tickets of each series ready for use, and will only
issue tickets to places at which the car is booked to stop.
Fares and fare lists.
7. A list of fares must be exhibited
in the cars wherever tickets are issued on the cars. At halts where staff is
employed, fare lists must be exhibited.
Cash collected by Guards.
8. Cash collected by Guards must be
paid in at the station as directed. Each Guard will hand in form M12 with the
cash, the form to be initialled by the person to whom it is paid.
Announcing of stations and halts.
9. Guards must announce the names of
stations and halts to the passengers in the cars in a CLEAR AND DISTINCT VOICE
just before reaching the stations or halts.
Where no staff at halts.
10. When staff is not employed at
halts, Guards will be held responsible for dealing with passengers at those
Lighting and extinguishing lamps at
11. The lighting and extinguishing of
lamps at halts must be carried out in accordance with instructions. 12.
District Inspectors must see that the platforms at the halts are kept
Platforms at halts to be kept clean.
Clearing halts of snow.
12. District Inspectors must see that
the platforms at the halts are kept clean by the Permanent Way staff, who will
also clear snow from halt platforms and approaches whenever necessary. Guards
must report on their journals any omission in these respects.
Moveable steps at halts not provided
with raised platforms. Manipulation of moveable steps.
13. The moveable steps on cars are
only to be used at halts not provided with raised platforms. The steps at the
engine end must not be used, neither must the doors at this end be used for the
purpose of allowing passengers to enter or leave the cars. Care must be taken
to see that these doors are kept locked. After the car has stopped at a halt
not provided with a raised platform the step lever must be released, the steps
put in position, and securely fastened by key pin or spring catch (whichever is
provided) and the door then opened. The door must not be opened until this has
been done. Before giving the signal to the Driver to start, the Guard must
close the door and then withdraw the steps, and be careful to see they are
securely fastened in running position.
Lighting of cars.
14. Guards must see that the cars are
lighted as, and when, required. When there are long intervals between trips,
the gas must, whenever possible be turned down low, and turned up again in
reasonable time, and the Guard will be held responsible for this.
15. The Driver will be responsible for
changing the lamp at the leading end of the car, and the Guard for the lamp at
the rear, except when an Auto engine is at the rear, in which case the tail
lamp will be fixed by the fireman.
Fireman to deal with train Staff,
etc., on Single Lines.
16. On Single Lines the Driver must
see the Electric token or staff in all cases before proceeding into the onward
section, but the Fireman will be held responsible for picking up and setting
down the electric token, staff or ticket, as the case may be, and in those
instances where the Driver is travelling alone in the leading compartment the
Fireman, each time he takes or gives up the electric token, staff or ticket,
must sound the engine whistle so as to make the Driver aware that he has done
so. If the Driver does not hear the whistle sounded he must give four rings on
the electric bell, and immediately stop the car to ascertain what is wrong.
Where electric bell communication is not available, the Driver must give four
Destination or Route Boards.
17. Guards must see that the proper
Destination or Route Boards are exhibited and placed in the proper position on
Cleaning cars and trailers.
18. The cars must be cleaned daily;
this will be done by the Locomotive Department staff, but the Station Masters
at terminal stations must arrange for the cars to be swept out as often as is
necessary to keep them thoroughly clean during the time they are in service.
The Guards to report on their journals when this is not done. Whenever possible
the Ticket Inspectors must examine the tickets of the passengers in the
Branches and Local Services worked by
19. Whenever it is necessary to attach
additional vehicles on trips when the auto-car would be leading, the
Auto-engine need not be uncoupled and placed in front, but may be allowed to
propel not more than two vehicles provided that the regulator is coupled
through from the engine to the leading end. It may at the same time also pull
vehicles which, including those propelled, will make up a tonnage as shewn
below: The maximum loads of Auto-Cars can be computed on a tonnage basis as
The vehicles attached to Auto Engines should be
calculated for maximum load purposes at their tare weight, plus the usual
allowances when conveying milk, fish, parcels, etc.
1 in 40
1 in 50
1 in 80
1 in 100
An Auto-Engine may
be uncoupled for shunting purposes when necessary.
When the wheels
behind the auto-engine exceed the number shown in the Table a brake vehicle
must be placed at the rear with a Guard in it:
Number of wheels
of vehicles of all descriptions.
Number of wheels
of vehicles containing passengers.
Rising not steeper
than 1 in 100 or falling or level.
Rising steeper than 1 in 100, but not
steeper than 1 in 40.
Rising steeper than 1 in 40.
Auto-engines taking water at platform
20. It often becomes necessary for
auto-engines with auto-cars attached to take water when the auto-car is being
propelled, and sometimes when the auto-engine is drawn up opposite the water
column the auto-car is standing in advance of a stop signal and fouling other
lines or crossings. In such cases it is to be distinctly understood that the
auto-car must not be propelled past the stop signal at danger except upon the
authority of the Signalman, or the lowering of the proper signal; and
immediately after water has been obtained the Driver must, on receipt of a hand
signal from the Guard, or other authorised person, set back with all vehicles
clear of the stop signal, and, when he has done so, whistle three times as an
intimation to the Signalman that the vehicles are all inside the signal unless
he receives instructions to proceed on his journey and the signals are right
for him to do so. When a signal is lowered for this purpose it must not be
replaced at Danger until the Driver has whistled to signify all
vehicles have been set back clear. Signalmen must be careful not to accept
trains on lines which are liable to become fouled by shunting operations of
this nature until they have satisfied themselves the vehicles have been drawn
to the rear of the stop signal, or have proceeded on their journey.
21. When auto-engines with vehicles
attached are working as passenger trains, the Driver must always work the
regulator at the leading end. When any other movement is required to be made,
and there are no passengers in the cars, it will not be necessary for the
Driver to be in the leading end, but the Guard or Shunter must be in the
leading end of the leading vehicle, keeping a good look-out and prepared to
hand signal to the Driver. At places where the shunting operation involves
several reversing movements and difficulty or delay would result if the Guard
or Shunter had to change his position for each movement, or at places where a
Guard or Shunter is not available, special instructions will be issued.
General instructions to be observed by
Drivers and Firemen in working Auto Trains when the Driver is driving from the
Vestibule end and the Fireman remains on the Footplate.
It is essential that there be a proper understanding between
the Driver and Fireman as to the working of the engine.
The Driver should satisfy himself that the Fireman properly
understands the working of the reversing gear, vacuum brake, lubricator and
sanding gear, and the management of the fire and boiler.
On receipt of a signal to start from the Guard, the Driver
must sound the whistle which the Fireman must acknowledge, and the Driver must
not start until the Fireman has acknowledged his signal. Before acknowledging
the Drivers signal the Fireman must satisfy himself that the brake is off
and that the reversing lever is in the correct position.
When approaching signals or terminal stations, the Fireman
must be on the look-out and be prepared to act in case of emergency from any
If a Fireman discovers any fault in the working of the
engine he must inform the Driver at the first stopping place, but if the fault
is such that it is necessary to stop before reaching the stopping place the
Fireman must call attention of the Driver by applying the vacuum brake.
The Fireman must not leave the footplate or the engine-room
without the consent of the Driver.
The following is the code of electric bell signals between
the Driver and Fireman and Guard:
Fireman to blow brake off.
Working of Auto Trains on Branch Lines,
without a Guard.
On certain Branch Lines, where specially authorised, a Guard
will not be employed on auto trains provided the number of coaches on the train
does not exceed three vacuum-fitted vehicles, two of which must be fully vacuum
brake fitted, and one vehicle may be piped only.
When auto trains are being
worked without a Guard the following General rules and Regulations are modified
as shewn below:
Rules 120 and 129. The Station Master, or
other authorised person, must see that the tail lamp is in position (and
burning properly when necessary) before the train leaves the starting
Rule 141 (b). The signal for starting will be given by
the Station Master or other authorised person.
Rule 141 (e).
In the event of the train being stopped by accident, or other exceptional caus,
the Driver must satisfy himself that all is in order before again proceeding
with the train.
Rule 179 (i). In the event of an accident, or
failure, the train must be considered as coming within the category of a light
Regulations for Working the Vacuum
Clause 3. General Appendix, page 98.
The duty of
ascertaining whether the brake is properly coupled up and in working order
throughout the train, and between the vehicles and engine or rail motor, and of
tested the brake must be performed by the Station Master, or other authorised
Regulations for Working Chain
Communication between Passengers and Guard and Driver by means of the Vacuum
The duties devolving on the Guard as shown in the
instructions under the above heading on page 101 of the General Appendix must
be carried out by the Fireman.
Conveyance of Mails, etc.
Mails, parcels and miscellaneous traffic must be locked in
the luggage compartment.