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Leamington Shed

GWR Route: Banbury to Wolverhampton

Leaminton Station (163) Locomotives at Leamington (209) Leamington Shed (65)

Leamington provided accommodation locomotives from the opening of the Oxford to Birmingham line in 1852 until the shed was closed in June 1965. The code for locomotives allocated to Leamington was 'LMTN' during the shed's ownership by the Great Western Railway and after nationalisation '84D' from January 1948 to August 1963 and '2L' from September 1963 to June 1965. The first shed was located a little to the north of the station and was single road in construction measuring 237 ft long by 20 ft wide. It was built using timber for the framing as well as for the side sheeting and it is recorded as being covered by a gable style slate roof. A messroom, measuring 16 ft 0 ins by 12 ft 3 ins located to the right of the entrance, was provided for the workforce. In 1898 two additional rooms were built; one, measuring 13 ft 3 ins by 13 ft 8 ins, being used for stores whilst the other, measuring 13 ft 3 ins by 6 ft 8 ins, was used as an office for the shed foreman. Part of the shed's facilities was a coaling platform, measuring 40 ft 0 ins by 12 ft 10 ins, which was formed with stone walls and timber deck. In 1881 a 41 ft 10 ins turntable was removed from Stafford Road shed and installed at Leamington. On 10th March 1902 the shed burnt down which compelled the authorities to keep the locomotives out in the open. Temporary accommodation for the messroom, office and stores was provided by the erection of corrugated iron huts.

This arrangement lasted until September 1906 when the new shed, situated south of the station, was opened. The shed was located between the former LNWR's Leamington to Rugby branch line and the GWR's main line to Banbury. Between the shed and the GWR mainline were five carriage sidings although in reality one had to be kept free to allow the locomotive to be released. The second shed was built to Churchward's new standard straight road shed design and it was 180 ft long by 66 ft wide accommodating four roads. Offices, messroom and stores were located along the northern wall for some 166 ft of its length. A separate building measuring 12 ft by 10 ft housing the sand furnace was located on the north-west corner of the shed and was accessed via a short siding which radiated off the turntable. In all probability the short siding was used by wagons transporting the sand to the furnace. The western side wall was built to allow future extension although this facility was never required. The 30 ft by 32 ft coaling stage was also of a new design being a brick-built copy of the stone coal stage at Truro and included a 45,000 gallon tank on top of the coal stage. There was a pit between the rails of all four roads immediately in front of the shed's doors as well as one beneath the road adjacent to the coaling stage. A turntable was provided which allowed locomotives to be turned either after being coaled or by accessing the turntable from one of the straight roads which lay in front of the shed.

Robert Ferris writes 'The new Leamington shed commenced construction during 1905 and was completed before December 1906, when an article in the in-house magazine appeared. According to the magazine the shed was equipped with a 65 ft 'under-girder' type turntable which came into use in July 1906. However the photographs show an 'over-girder' turntable and 65 ft 'over-girder' turntables appears to be the standard size installed from 1904 onwards (GA Drwg 16789). The 65 ft 'under-girder' types were more normal inside round house engine sheds (e.g. Tyseley) as the 'over-girder' type were apparently considered a hinderance to workings, but there were also external 'under-girder' types around. An 'under-girder' type required constructing of a deeper pit, so it was more expensive. Where they were installed, the pit was also normally 'tabled' (i.e. boarded over). In 1903 the 2-8-0 28xx class freight locomotive had been introduced and I suspect that these as well as the larger 4-6-0 passenger locomotives will have dictated the turntable size chosen by Churchward for his engine shed rebuilding programme (which lasted until 1920 when Stourbridge Shed was built)'.

Use the links below to access the images and text on this page:

Leamington's 1852 Shed

View of the northern approach to Leamington  station looking south with the site of the first engine shed on the left
Ref: gwrls237
Anon
View of the northern approach to Leamington station looking south with the site of the first engine shed on the left
Close up showing the approach road to the original locomotive shed and the standard GWR water tank
Ref: gwrls237a
Anon
Close up showing the approach road to the original locomotive shed and the standard GWR water tank
Part of the 1886 OS map showing the location and layout of the original Leamington Engine Shed
Ref: gwrls2141
Ordnance Survey
Part of the 1886 OS map showing the location and layout of the original Leamington Engine Shed
Schematic drawing showing the layout of the 1852 engine shed including turntable, water tower and coal plant
Ref: gwrls2164
J Copsey
Schematic drawing showing the layout of the 1852 engine shed including turntable, water tower and coal plant

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Leamington's 1906 Engine Shed

Views of the shed and its infrastructure

View of the three main components of the 1906 engine shed, the coal stage, the turntable and the four-road shed
Ref: gwrls2165
GWR Photographer
The three main components of the 1906 engine shed, the coal stage, the turntable and the four-road shed
Close up of the standard designed coal stage and water tank as viewed from the western side of the shed
Ref: gwrls2165a
GWR Photographer
Close up of the standard designed coal stage and water tank as viewed from the western side of the shed
Close up showing the 65 ft over-girder turntable with three buffer stops including on the right the siding to the sand furnace
Ref: gwrls2165b
GWR Photographer
Close up of the 65 ft over-girder turntable with 3 buffer stops including on the right the siding to the sand furnace
Close up showing the sixty-six feet wide four-road engine shed with lean-to offices built on the left hand side
Ref: gwrls2165c
GWR Photographer
Close up showing the sixty-six feet wide four-road engine shed with lean-to offices built on the left hand side
A general aerial view showing the coaling stage, ash roads, turntable and shed in May 1965
Ref: gwrls2200
D Cooknell
A general aerial view showing the coaling stage, ash roads, turntable and shed in May 1965

Close up of the coaling stage showing wagons stabled at the top of the ramp despite the track being overgrown
Ref: gwrls2200a
D Cooknell
Close up of the coaling stage showing wagons stabled at the top of the ramp despite the track being overgrown
Close up of the shed showing two ex-LMS 2-6-0 and one BR Standard 2-6-4T locomotives stabled outside the shed
Ref: gwrls2200b
D Cooknell
Close up of the shed showing two ex-LMS 2-6-0 and one BR Standard 2-6-4T locomotives stabled outside the shed
Panoramic view of Leamington shed and carriage sidings circa 1963 showing two locomotives being prepared
Ref: gwrls2066
RS Carpenter
Panoramic view of Leamington shed and carriage sidings circa 1963 showing two locomotives being prepared
An internal view of Leamington station's new shed opened by the Great Western in 1906
Ref: gwrls2090
Great Western Railway
An internal view of Leamington station's new shed opened by the Great Western in 1906
Close up showing the fan of tracks leading to the coaling stage, the turntable and the four road shed
Ref: gwrls2066a
RS Carpenter
Close up showing the fan of tracks leading to the coaling stage, the turntable and the four road shed

Close up showing all of the five roads which made up the carriage sidings at Leamington shed
Ref: gwrls2066b
RS Carpenter
Close up showing all of the five roads which made up the carriage sidings at Leamington shed
A general view of the shed in GWR days with a pair of GWR 2-6-2T Prairie tank engines standing in the yard
Ref: gwrls808
Anon
A general view of the shed in GWR days with a pair of GWR 2-6-2T Prairie tank engines standing in the yard
A general view of the shed in GWR days with a pair of GWR 2-6-2T Prairie tank engines standing in the yard
Ref: gwrls2368
Anon
Ex-Great Western Railcar No 14 is seen standing on the diesel refueling line stopped hard up to the buffers
A general view of the shed in GWR days with a pair of GWR 2-6-2T Prairie tank engines standing in the yard
Ref: gwrls3015
B Morrison
Ex-Great Western Railway motive power seen inside Leamington Spa Shed on Sunday 17th June 1951

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The shed at work

Ex-GWR 2-6-2T Prairie No 4112 stands under the coaling stage with its enlarged coal tipping mechanism
Ref: gwrls807
Anon
Ex-GWR 2-6-2T Prairie No 4112 stands under the coaling stage with its enlarged coal tipping mechanism
Leamington shed's coaling stage viewed from the eastern end of the former LNWR Leamington to Rugby branch
Ref: gwrls2068
AWV Mace
Leamington shed's coaling stage viewed from the eastern end of the former LNWR Leamington to Rugby branch
An unidentified GWR 2301 Class 0-6-0 locomotive is seen being turned on Leamington shed's turntable circa 1908
Ref: gwrls818
RS Carpenter
An unidentified GWR 2301 Class 0-6-0 locomotive is seen being turned on Leamington shed's turntable
Close up showing the the timber steps used by staff to reach the coaling platform from rail level
Ref: gwrls229a
RS Carpenter
Close up showing the the timber steps used by staff to reach the coaling platform from rail level
Ex-GWR 2301 Class 0-6-0 No 2328 is seen standing beneath the coaling stage in September 1911
Ref: gwrls817
HJ Stretton-Ward
Ex-GWR 2301 Class 0-6-0 No 2328 is seen standing beneath the coaling stage in September 1911

Close up showing the coal tipping mechanism which projected outwards from the coaling stage
Ref: gwrls230a
L Hanson
Close up showing the coal tipping mechanism which projected outwards from the coaling stage
Close up showing one of the GWR's steel 'loco' wagons standing empty with the doors in the open position
Ref: gwrls230b
L Hanson
Close up showing one of the GWR's steel 'loco' wagons standing empty with the doors in the open position
View of the shed showing a number of locomotives standing on storage road adjacent to the coaling stage
Ref: gwrls236
Anon
View of the shed showing a number of locomotives standing on storage road adjacent to the coaling stage
Close up showing locomotives and loco coal wagons standing on the siding adjacent to the road leading to the turntable
Ref: gwrls236a
Anon
Close up showing locomotives and loco coal wagons standing on the siding adjacent to the road leading to the turntable
Close up showing enthusiasts standing next to the locomotives stabled in front of the four road shed
Ref: gwrls236b
Anon
Close up showing enthusiasts standing next to the locomotives stabled in front of the four road shed

Close up showing the door to the office located on the ground floor of the three-storey coaling stage
Ref: gwrls808a
Anon
Close up showing the door to the office located on the ground floor of the three-storey coaling stage
Close up which provides a nice three-quarter perspective of Leamington Shed showing its overall length
Ref: gwrls808b
Anon
Close up which provides a nice three-quarter perspective of Leamington Shed showing its overall length
Leamington shed on the 12th June 1965, the very last day of operation, with at least one ex-LMS interloper in view
Ref: gwrls805
WoW
Leamington shed on the 12th June 1965, the very last day of operation, with at least one ex-LMS interloper in view
GWR Prairie 2-6-2T No 5134 is seen stabled on the siding used to store empty loco coal wagons on 22nd March 1936
Ref: gwrls230
L Hanson
GWR Prairie 2-6-2T No 5134 is seen stabled on the siding used to store empty loco coal wagons on 22nd March 1936
Close up showing the two standard GWR water columns and the 'fire-devils' used to protect them from freezing
Ref: gwrls231a
RS Carpenter
Close up showing the two standard GWR water columns and the 'fire-devils' used to protect them from freezing

BR Class 08 0-6-0 D3974 stands alongside BR built 2-6-2T No 41272 and ex-GWR 5101 Class 2-6-2T No 4151
Ref: gwrls2535
J Fenshaw
BR Class 08 0-6-0 D3974 stands alongside BR built 2-6-2T No 41272 and ex-GWR 5101 Class 2-6-2T No 4151
An early panoramic view of Leamington shed showing only two locomotives on shed, both by the coaling stage
Ref: gwrls816
HJ Stretton-Ward
An early panoramic view of Leamington shed showing only two locomotives on shed, both by the coaling stage
Close up of an unidentified GWR 0-6-0ST locomotive and an unidentified Dean 0-6-0 Class 2301 locomotive
Ref: gwrls816a
HJ Stretton-Ward
Close up of an unidentified GWR 0-6-0ST locomotive and an unidentified Dean 0-6-0 Class 2301 locomotive
Close up showing the shed is completely empty of any of the dozen or so locomotives allocated
Ref: gwrls816b
HJ Stretton-Ward
Close up showing the shed is completely empty of any of the dozen or so locomotives allocated
Former Cambrian 4-4-0 No 1100 stands next to the water hydrant awaiting its turn to be coaled circa 1929
Ref: gwrls229
RS Carpenter
Former Cambrian 4-4-0 No 1100 stands next to the water hydrant awaiting its turn to be coaled circa 1929

Ex-GWR Breakdown Gang's Mess Van No W41 at Leamington Shed on 7th August 1953
Ref: gwrls3003
Milepost 92½
Ex-GWR Breakdown Gang's Mess Van No W41 at Leamington Shed on 7th August 1953

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Staff of Leamington Engine Shed

GWR 33xx Class 4-4-0 No 3443 'Birkenhead' is posed in front of the coaling stage with shed staff
Ref: gwrls1605
A Holden
GWR 33xx Class 4-4-0 No 3443 'Birkenhead' is posed in front of the coaling stage with shed staff
GWR 51xx Class 2-6-2T No 3115 stands in front of the coaling stage with members of the shed's staff posed on the running and footplate
Ref: gwrls1606
LA Holden
GWR 2-6-2T No 3115 stands with members of the shed's staff posed on the running and footplate
Fitter John Thomas Kendrick is seen working on British Railways built Class 2MT 2-6-2T No 41285 at Leamington Shed
Ref: gwrls2620
K Rose
Fitter John Thomas Kendrick is seen working on BR built Class 2MT 2-6-2T No 41285 at Leamington Shed

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Locomotives on Shed

GWR 2251 Class 0-6-0 No 2281 is seen coupled with a ROD tender at Leamington shed on 22nd March 1936
Ref: gwrls233
L Hanson
GWR 2251 Class 0-6-0 No 2281 is seen coupled with a ROD tender at Leamington shed on 22nd March 1936
Ex-GWR 2251 Class 0-6-0 No 2291 is seen standing outside Leamington shed in bright sunlight
Ref: gwrls2161
P Myhill
Ex-GWR 2251 Class 0-6-0 No 2291 is seen standing outside Leamington shed in bright sunlight
Ex-GWR 61xx Class 2-6-2T No 6169 stands outside Leamington shed with other ex-GWR locomotives
Ref: gwrls2162
P Myhill
Ex-GWR 61xx Class 2-6-2T No 6169 stands outside Leamington shed with other ex-GWR locomotives
Ex-LMS 8F 2-8-0 No 48035 is seen out of commission with damaged cylinders at Leamington shed
Ref: gwrls2163
P Myhill
Ex-LMS 8F 2-8-0 No 48035 is seen out of commission with damaged cylinders at Leamington shed
Ex-GWR 56xx Class 0-6-2T No 6644 is seen blowing off steam by Leamington coaling stage on 13th March 1965
Ref: gwrls2059
R Postill
Ex-GWR 56xx Class 0-6-2T No 6644 is seen blowing off steam by Leamington coaling stage on 13th March 1965

British Railways Standard Class 4MT 2-6-4T No 80072 stands outside the shed on 13th March 1965
Ref: gwrls2051
R Postill
British Railways Standard Class 4MT 2-6-4T No 80072 stands outside the shed on 13th March 1965
Ex-GWR 5101 Class 2-6-2T No 5184 is stabled on the short siding adjacent to the coaling road one Sunday
Ref: gwrls2052
K Parker
Ex-GWR 5101 Class 2-6-2T No 5184 is stabled on the short siding adjacent to the coaling road one Sunday
GWR 72xx Class 2-8-2T No 7226 is seen stabled on the siding adjacent to the coaling stage road on 4th December 1938
Ref: gwrls232
L Hanson
GWR 2-8-2T No 7226 is seen stabled on the siding adjacent to the coaling stage road on 4th December 1938
GWR 4-4-0 No 3218 is seen prepared for its next trip whilst on the left is an unknown 0-6-0PT locomotive
Ref: gwrls234
L Hanson
GWR 4-4-0 No 3218 is seen prepared for its next trip whilst on the left is an unknown 0-6-0PT locomotive
Ex-GWR 56xx Class 0-6-2T No 6671 and British Railways 4MT 2-6-4T No 80072 stand outside the shed on 13th Match 1965
Ref: gwrls2088
R Postill
Ex-GWR 56xx Class 0-6-2T No 6671 and BR 4MT 2-6-4T No 80072 stand outside the shed on 13th Match 1965

A rear three-quarter view of GWR 2-6-2T Prairie No 8100 showing the nearly new condition of the locomotive on 12th February 1939
Ref: gwrls235
RS Carpenter
A rear ¾ view of GWR 2-6-2T Prairie No 8100 showing the nearly new condition of the locomotive
GWR 28xx Class 2-8-0 No 2838 plus two other locomotives stand outside the shed on 12th February 1939
Ref: gwrls231
RS Carpenter
GWR 28xx Class 2-8-0 No 2838 plus two other locomotives stand outside the shed on 12th February 1939
A solitary 0-6-0 Diesel shunter stands on the right hand road alongside a number of ex-GWR locomotives on 27th April 1961
Ref: gwrls2042
PJ Kelly
A solitary 0-6-0 Diesel shunter stands on the right hand road alongside a number of ex-GWR locomotives
Close up showing ex-GWR 2-6-2T No 8100 and 2-6-2T No 4118 in steam outside Leamington shed
Ref: gwrls2042a
PJ Kelly
Close up showing ex-GWR 2-6-2T No 8100 and 2-6-2T No 4118 in steam outside Leamington shed
Ex-GWR 56xx Class 0-6-2T No 6639 stands on one of the roads in front of the shed on 5th October 1963
Ref: gwrls2058
R Postill
Ex-GWR 56xx Class 0-6-2T No 6639 stands on one of the roads in front of the shed on 5th October 1963

Ex-GWR 68xx Class 4-6-0 No 6823 'Oakley Grange' stands in front of Leamington Shed in August 1962
Ref: gwrls2087
J Aviator
Ex-GWR 68xx Class 4-6-0 No 6823 'Oakley Grange' stands in front of Leamington Shed in August 1962
GWR 81xx Class 2-6-2T No 8100, the first of a class of ten locomotives, is seen at Leamington on 12th February 1939
Ref: gwrls228
L Hanson
GWR 2-6-2T No 8100, the first of a class of ten locomotives, is seen at Leamington on 12th February 1939
British Railways built 2-6-2T No 4176 stands on the road outside Leamington shed on 5th October 1963
Ref: gwrls2055
R Postill
British Railways built 2-6-2T No 4176 stands on the road outside Leamington shed on 5th October 1963
GWR 36xx Class 2-4-2T No 3610 stands 'cold' on the shed road one Sunday afternoon circa 1932
Ref: gwrls2067
G Coltas
GWR 36xx Class 2-4-2T No 3610 stands 'cold' on the shed road one Sunday afternoon circa 1932
Ex-GWR 5101 class 2-6-2T large prairie No 4118 in steam outside Leamington shed on Sunday 27th July 1958
Ref: gwrls2630
HMRS ABS214
Ex-GWR 5101 class 2-6-2T large prairie No 4118 in steam outside Leamington shed on Sunday 27th July 1958

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Leamington East Junction Signal Box

Ex-GWR 68xx Class 4-6-0 No 6879 'Overton Grange' runs light engine towards Leamington shed on 13th March 1965
Ref: gwrls2053
R Postill
Ex-GWR 68xx Class 4-6-0 No 6879 'Overton Grange' runs light engine to Leamington shed on 13th March 1965
Ex-GWR 2-6-2T Prairie No 5170 runs light engine past Leamington East Junction Signal Box
Ref: gwrls806
Anon
Ex-GWR 2-6-2T Prairie No 5170 runs light engine past Leamington East Junction Signal Box

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Maps and notices

A schematic plan showing the layout of Leamington shed, coaling stage, turntable and carriage sidings
Ref: gwrls2166
J Copsey
A schematic plan showing the layout of Leamington shed, coaling stage, turntable and carriage sidings
A 1925 map showing the layout of Leamington shed and the carriage sidings which were adjacent to the line to Paddington
Ref: gwrls2044
Ordnance Survey
Map showing Leamington shed and the carriage sidings which were adjacent to the main line to Paddington
Part of the 1939 OS map showing Leamington's second engine shed located between the LNWR's and GWR lines
Ref: gwrls2125
Ordnance Survey
Part of the 1939 OS map showing Leamington's second engine shed located between the LNWR's and GWR lines
Drawing of the constructional details of the centre girder of a bowed balloon-topped wrought iron bridge
Ref: gwrls2054
Birmingham Library (LS7-683)
Drawing of the constructional details of the centre girder of a bowed balloon-topped wrought iron bridge
GWR Railcar No 4 is seen standing on one of the direct access roads in to Tyseley Repair workshops as it has maintenance undertaken
Ref: gwrls320
GWR Official Documentation
The GWR Rule Book, produced in January 1933, requiring staff to take proper care of themselves and others

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The LMS and its successor, British Railways, undertook to film various aspects of operating steam locomotives and other railway operations. We have provided below links to some of the films related to shed operation that we know exist. When we ascertain films on GWR operations we shall add these to the website too. Films on other aspects of railway operations can be viewed via our Video and Film Clip section.

"Wash and Brush Up" 1953
Shows the procedures that a steam engine goes through as part of its regular maintenance cycle. The locomotive being featured in the film is a British Railways Standard Class 5MT 4-6-0 No 73020 at 6D Chester (Midland shed. (25 minutes 19 seconds)

LMS On the Shed - Part One of Two
Various shots of an engine being prepared and serviced ready for its next trip. Includes actions and responsibilities of crew. (9 minutes 44 seconds)

LMS On the Shed - Part Two of Two
Various shots of an engine being prepared and serviced ready for its next trip. Includes actions and responsibilities of crew. (9 minutes 31 seconds)

Leaminton Station (163) Locomotives at Leamington (209) Leamington Shed (65)